The distance (in km) of 40 engineers from their residence to their place of work were found as follows.

5 | 3 | 10 | 20 | 25 | 11 | 13 | 7 | 12 | 31 |

19 | 10 | 12 | 17 | 18 | 11 | 32 | 17 | 16 | 2 |

7 | 9 | 7 | 8 | 3 | 5 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 3 |

12 | 14 | 2 | 9 | 6 | 15 | 15 | 7 | 6 | 12 |

What is the empirical probability that an engineer lives:-

(i) less than 7 km from her place of work?What is the empirical probability that an engineer lives:

(ii) more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work?

(iii) within 1/2 km from her place of work?

#### Solution

(i) Total number of engineers = 40

Number of engineers living less than 7 km from their place of work = 9

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives less than 7 km from her place of work, **P = 9/40**

(ii) Number of engineers living more than or equal to 7 km from their place of work = 40 − 9 = 31

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work, **P = 31/40**

(iii) Number of engineers living within 1/2 km from her place of work = 0

Hence, required probability that an engineer lives within 1/2 km from her place of work, **P = 0**